|Tags:||Gluten free, Paleo, Soy free|
|Time:||Preparation time , cooking time , total time|
|Serves:||1/2 pound cheese|
That's right, this is a homemade vegan white fungus cheese! It's super creamy, with an overwhelming brie flavor and a firm rind. I've been coveting the moldy nut cheeses on various German and English blogs, but a lack of affordable vegan starter cultures was holding me back.
I bought cashew camembert by Happy Cheeze a few times, and I started wondering if it would be possible to use a piece of moldy rind from a store-bought cheese as the starter for a homemade one. I like experimenting, so when I had another Happy Cheeze camembert, I cut of a small piece of rind and blended it into my cashew cheese mixture. A few days later, some beautiful white mold started to appear. Success!
I don't know how many times this little trick could be repeated before the fungus gives up. If you make your own yogurt, the starter culture can go on pretty much forever, as long as you keep it clean and pure. I couldn't find out whether cheese fungus works the same way. Even if it only works once or twice, it's a nice way to save a bit of money. If do you have a freshly bought starter culture, you can also use that in this recipe.
My recipe is based on those by Full of Plants and Lecker Planzen. Their cheeses are made almost entirely from cashews. I wanted to have creamier cheese similar to ripe brie, so my recipe has more water and coconut oil. The coconut oil also helps the cheese set once it's placed in the fridge, making it easier to handle.
An added advantage of a higher moisture and fat content is that the cheese melts easier. This makes it very suitable for use on pizzas and casseroles. Add it in the last five minutes of baking so it melts, but does not evaporate too much. In the picture you see it melted on a pizza with tomato sauce, artichokes, thinly sliced onion and red peppers. This particular pizza is not low carb (sorry!), but the brie would also be very good on my low carb pizza recipe. It has quite a strong flavor, so you only need a few thin slices.
Many people are a bit afraid to make fermented foods at home, let alone grow a fungus in their fridge! However it's really quite safe, if you just work clean and make sure no other fungi than the white fungus grow on your cheese. You do not need a lot of special equipment for this recipe, just a strong blender or food processor and a fridge. You will need some patience, but it is 100% worth it.
UPDATE: I removed the fermentation at room temperature, because I think the cheese tastes better without it.
- 1 cup (130 g) raw cashew nuts, soaked for 8 hours
- 1/3 cup (80 ml) water
- 1/4 cup (60 ml) neutral tasting coconut oil, melted
- 1 tablespoon soy or coconut yogurt
- 5 gram (1 square inch piece) rind from a cashew camembert or 1 drop penicillium candidum
- 1/3 teaspoon non-iodized salt
Drain the soaked cashews and add them to the jar of your blender or food processor along with the water, coconut oil, yogurt, camembert rind (or penicillium candidum) and salt. Blend into a smooth mass. Depending on the strength of your machine, this could take a few minutes. Add one or two tablespoons more water if needed to help the blending.
Take a flat bottomed round bowl that can serve as a cheese mold and cover it with plastic wrap. Pour the cheese mixture into the mold. Cover and put the cheese into the fridge for 8 to 16 hours so it can firm up.
Once the cheese is set, carefully peel away the plastic wrap and place the cheese onto a piece of parchment paper, in a sealed plastic container that is large enough so the cheese has a little space to breathe. Make sure to touch it as little as possible with your bare hands, so you do not contaminate it with the wrong molds or bacteria, especially in the beginning. Place the container in a room where the temperature is between 11 and 15 degrees C / 50-60 F. If you do not have such a room, the least cold spot in your fridge will do if you don't set it super cold (often the top shelf is warmest).
The cheese now needs to ripen for about 3 weeks at this temperature. Turn it over every day with the aid of a piece of parchment paper. If there is condensation on the sides of the container, wipe it off with a paper towel. Replace the parchment paper when it gets wet. The sealed container helps to keep humidity high, but it should not get wet inside. The cheese's odor can change from day to day, from fruity to sour or even a bit yeast like. This is all fine.
After five to six days the fungus will start to grow (see the pictures). It can have a grayish white or yellowish color. The cheese will continue to firm up. At some point you will be able to place it on a sushi mat or similar item instead of the parchment paper to allow more air to reach its bottom. Keep turning the cheese regularly so it do not stick to the mat. If the fungus on one side of the cheese grows faster than that on the other side, you can leave the slow growing side facing up for a few days so it gets more air. However, keep lifting the bottom off the mat every day, to prevent sticking.
After about three weeks your cheese will finally be covered with a nice thick layer of white fungus. You can now eat it, or keep it in the fridge a while longer. The fungus will continue to grow. If you want to make more cheese after this one, cut off a nice clean piece of fresh rind and start all over again with the recipe.
Trying any recipe from this site is done at your own risk, but that's especially true for experimental stuff like this. Study the instructions and maybe read up on fermentation a bit more before you begin.
Some people (including myself) get a bit of an itchy feeling in the back of their throat when eating fungus cheese. This is a mild allergic reaction, just like some people get from eating certain fruits like kiwi, pineapple and apples. Do not eat the cheese if you react badly. It may help to only eat the creamy part of the cheese (which has the most flavor anyway) and not the rind. The reaction is also much milder after you heat the cheese up, like you would do for a pizza, panini or casserole. Since this is a very tasty way to eat the cheese, it could be a good solution if you find you get a scratchy throat.